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首页 > 考研英语 > 考研资料

掌握五大逻辑关系,搞定考研英语完型

发布时间:2019-11-08 16:19:58

  对于各位理工类和经济类的小伙伴来说,英语当仁不让是考研复习的重头戏。在目前这个时间段,20的考研er也该抖抖精神开始复习英语,为以后打好基础。下面中公考研网校小编为参加2020考研的考生整理“掌握五大逻辑关系,搞定考研英语完型”相关内容,希望能对各位考生有所帮助。

  从完型填空的命题形式来看,每个空都不是孤立存在的,而是处在一整篇文章的大背景之中的。从这个角度来说,完型文章实际上是由已知信息和未知信息构成。过相关已知信息提供的线索进行分析总结,结合选项定位出答案,这就是完型解题的基本方法。而相关已知信息一般在上下句之中,而上下句之间往往有明显的逻辑关系,因此熟练把握这种逻辑关系就成为解题的关键所在。

  逻辑关系题是完型填空的重要考查点,且容易得分,故成为完型的重要得分点。完型中主要考察的五大逻辑关系为:对立关系、因果关系、并列关系、总分关系和递进关系。

  ▶对立关系

  包括让步和转折关系,常见的标志词和短语有:but, however, yet, on the contrary, by contrast, unfortunately, although, even though, nevertheless, in spite of, regardless of, anyhow, instead of, rather than, not…but等。

  如2000年完型第41题:

  He must store a large quantity of grain ___ consuming all his grain immediately.

  [A]other than [B]as well as [C]instead of [D]more than

  答案:C

  解析:此处考查的是逻辑关系,需要根据空前和空后来判断。空前“储存了大量粮食”与空后“消耗所有粮食”形成对立关系,选C instead of.

  ▶因果关系

  常用的标志词和短语有:because, for, since, as, thus, hence, therefore, so, so…that, such…that, in order that, consequently, accordingly, due to, thanks to, in response to, on account of, because of, considering that, seeing that, in that, now that, lest, as a result, for this reason等。

  如2004年完型第34题:

  More families consist of one parent households or two working parents, ___, children are likely to have less supervision at home.

  [A]contrarily [B]consequently [C]similarly [D]simultaneously

  答案:B

  解析:此处考查的是逻辑关系,需要根据空前和空后来判断。空前“更多的家庭是单亲家庭或双工家庭”与空后“孩子在家很少受到监管”之间是因果关系,故所B consequently.

  ▶并列关系

  常用的标志词和短语有:and, or, neither…nor, either…or, not only…but also, likewise, similarly, equally, in the same way, that is to say, as well as, same…as等。

  如2004年完型第25题:

  Theories focusing on the role of society suggest that children commit crimes in response to their failure to rise above their socioeconomic status, ___ as a rejection of middle-class values.

  [A]or [B]but rather [C]but [D]or else

  答案:A

  解析:此处考查的是逻辑关系,需要根据空前和空后来判断。空前“没有顺利提升社会经济地位”与空后“排斥中产阶级的价值观”都可能是“犯罪”的原因,故空前和空后之间是并列关系,选A or.

  ▶总分关系

  常用的标志词和短语有:such as, for example, for instance, to illustrate, as an illustration, to take an example, more specifically等。

  如2001年完型第31题:

  The government is to ban payments to witnesses by newspapers seeking to buy up people involved in prominent cases ___ the trial of Rosemary West.

  [A]as to [B]for instance [C]in particular [D]such as

  答案:D

  解析:此处考查的是逻辑关系,需要根据空前和空后来判断。空前“prominent cases”与空后“the trial of Rosemary West”是包含的关系,总体与部分的关系,可以选for instance和such as,但for instance后面不能直接加名词,such as后要直接加名词,故选D such as.

  ▶递进关系

  常用的标志词和短语有:then, besides, additionally, in addition, furthermore, moreover, what is more等。

  如1994年完型第46题:

  Too often, careless use of words prevents a meeting of the minds of the speaker and listener. The words used by the speaker may stir up unfavorable reactions in the listener which interfere with his comprehension hence, the transmission-reception system breaks down.

  ___, inaccurate or indefinite words may make it difficult for the listener to understand the message which is being transmitted to him.

  [A]Moreover [B]However [C]Preliminarily [D]Unexpectedly

  答案:A

  解析:此处考查的是逻辑关系,需要根据空前和空后来判断。此空位于段首,需要考虑本段与上一段的逻辑关系,上一段提到“careless use of words”给交谈带来的障碍,空后则提到“inaccurate or indefinite words”理解信息造成的困难。前后是递进关系,故选择A moreover.

  掌握了逻辑关系这一个法宝,完型得分就不再是问题。

  以上就是中公考研网校小编整理的“掌握五大逻辑关系,搞定考研英语完型”文章,更多2020考研英语复习备考计划请访问中公考研网校考研英语复习资料频道!

  相关推荐:

  【在职考研】2020考研英语网络课程

  【大学生考研】2020考研英语网络课程

  2020考研英语复习资料汇总(每日更新)

  2020考研英语模拟题汇总(每日更新)

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